Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide is a molecule with three different forms: NAD, NAD+, and NADH (NAD). They are all crucial to our cells and general health, although they differ slightly from one another.
The molecule's fundamental form, NAD, functions as a coenzyme, aiding in the function of enzymes. Our cells' enzymes, which are proteins, catalyze chemical reactions, and NAD aids in this process by transporting electrons from one molecule to another.
A significantly altered version of NAD is NAD+. It is more reactive and better equipped to take part in chemical processes since it has an additional phosphate group connected to it. DNA repair and energy synthesis depend on NAD+.
An electron-donor-assisted version of NAD is known as NADH. It is created during the digestion of food, and the mitochondria, the powerhouses of the cell's energy production, use it to create ATP, which serves as the cell's main source of energy.
In conclusion, NAD, NAD+, and NADH are all variations of the same molecule, although they perform slightly different roles. NAD is the molecule's fundamental form, NAD+ is a modified form that is more reactive, and NADH is an electron-donor form.
It is significant to remember that NAD+ and NADH can be obtained as supplements, such as Strong Cell. It is recommended to take them under the guidance of a healthcare professional.